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What
is Technical Constraints?

Technical constraints are the processes involved in
completing construction jobs and are associated with the building Phase.
An example is that in construction you have to make a foundation, but the site
must be leveled before excavation can
take place; The way technical constraints work is that you have to complete the
first job before you can move to another.

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Examples
of Technical constraints:

Soil Conditions

Topography

Access

Services

 

How
Soil Conditions affect Technical Constraints:

The bearing
capacity is the capacity of soil needed to
support the loads applied to the ground. The bearing capacity of soil is the pressure between the
foundation and the soil, which should not produce shear failure in the soil. If
you get this wrong then you could have a big disaster and the foundation.
Another thing that, if you have high acid or alkaline in the soil then you have
to get people in to sort it out and make it healthy this can take a while and
set the project back a lot.

 

How
Topography affect Technical Constraints:

Topography can affect Technical
Constraints as if you survey the ground and realize it is uneven then you have
to spend time working on making it flat so that it’s a better build for the
house and a lot easier to work with. It also can help see features around the
site meaning you can see if have to build closer or further away from stuff
like manholes this can slow work down as if there’s something you don’t realize
then you will have to re plan to get past the problem.

 

How
Access affect Technical Constraints:

Access affects Technical Constraints as
if trucks all come at once to collect and deliver a product then the road can
be congested meaning that there is a lot of fumes and also people being late. It’s
also dangerous for public as there is more pollution being given off. The
access to site can also get blocked and when u try and sort everything out then
it can slow down work as less people working and also u have to try and create
space for the trucks to get in.  

 

How
Services affect Technical Constraints:

Services affect building as if you have
a supplier what doesn’t deliver on time then you have to delay the whole
project until they have delivered meaning that after have a few people not delivering
it can set back the project what could make it finish late.

 

Task
1 (P2)

 

Design
Engineer:

As a design
engineer you get involved at the initial concept, design, development and
management of projects in a range of sectors such as construction and the built
environment, materials, software, components, machinery and vehicles. To
succeed you need strong technical knowledge, as well as problem solving, and
good communication.

 

As a design engineer,
you are required to do:

 

·     
liaise
with your clients and also identify the requirements that they have speculated

·     
investigate
and undertake the analysis of how to improve an existing project or a

·     
undertake
the making of the models that you will give to the client, and also testing of
the products

·     
identify
new ways you can drive quality and make it efficient but also do it for a good
price

·     
communicate
effectively with the clients, and also your colleagues and your contractors
involved in the project so that everyone knows what is happening and when it
needs dong by

·     
plan
effectively to ensure the projects are delivered on time, and to the price you
want (or lower) and to the standard required by the client so that they are
happy with it.

 

Architect:

An architect is someone who does the plans,
designs, and then also oversees the construction of buildings. To be a good
architect you have to provide services in connection with the design and the construction
of the buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings. They
ensure that the buildings they design are safe for living in, sustainable,
functional for families, aesthetically pleasing to the eye, economical and
suite the requirements of the people using the building.

 

As
an architect, you’ll need to:

 

·       discuss
the ideas, the objectives, the requirements and the budget of the project;

·       prepare
and present feasibility reports and design proposals of the project to the
client;

·       assess
the impact the design will have on the local environment;

·       make
sure the project is kept within the budget and doesn’t take too long so doesn’t
exceed the deadline;

·       produce
detailed workings, drawings and specifications for the project;

·       specify
the nature and quality of materials required in the project;

·       prepare
the applications for the planning and the building control departments;

·       carry
out regular site visits to see how the project is progressing and ensure that it
is running on time and to the budget;

·       resolve
problems and issues that arise during construction due to plans;

·       ensure
that the environmental impact of the project is managed and that you come up
with the best solution when you create the design.

 

 

Quantity Surveyor:

A
quantity surveyor manages all the costs relating to the project, from the
initial calculations to the final figures. They seek to try and minimize the
costs of the project and then also enhance value for money, while then still
achieving the required standards and quality that the client wants. This
includes ensuring the statutory building regulations are met. When the project
is in progress, you’ll keep track of any variations to the contract that could
affect the costs and create reports to show the profitability of the project..

 

To
successfully carry out your role, you’ll need to:

 

·       prepare
the tender and the contract documents for the client, including the bill of
quantities with the client and/or the architect;

·       undertake
the cost analysis for the repair and the maintenance of the project;

·       assist
in the establishing of the client’s requirements and then undertake feasibility
studies;

·       perform
risk assessments, value management and cost control for the project;

·       advise
on the procurement strategy for the project with the buyer or relevant role;

·       prepare
and analyse costings for the tenders on the project;

·       allocate
the work to the subcontractors;

·       analyse
the outcomes and then write a detailed progress report;

·       value
the completed work and also arrange the payments for sub-contractors;

·       maintain
an awareness of the different building contracts that are in current use of the
project;

·       understand
the implications of the health and safety regulations at work.

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