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The electric vehicle first came into existence in the mid-1800.
While it never took off because of the limitations of the rechargeable batteries.
Because of this one flaw they didn’t get much popularity and the improved road infrastructure
required a greater range than offered by those of electric cars. Thanks to a
discovery of a large reserve of petroleum in Texas and the initiation of mass
production of combustion vehicles by Mr. Henry Ford was all it took to finally kill
the electric. This caused the cost of internal combustion vehicles to reduce
significantly compared to the electric vehicle. Making the electric vehicle obsolete
until today. Thanks to the environmental impacts of internal combustion
transportation and advancements in technology we are able to produce an
electric vehicle than can compete with the internal combustion engine vehicles.
Due to our environment and our oil supply running low we are forced to find a
more environmental friendly option and that’s where the electric car comes in
but is it as environmental friendly and cost efficient as an internal
combustion vehicle throughout their life cycle from production line to
scrapyard.

Hawkins,T. Singh,B. Majeau-Bettez,G, Stromman,A.(2012,October
4) Comparative Environmental Life Cycle
Assessment of Conventional and Electric Vehicles. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2012.00532.x/full
                                                  Electric vehicles (EVs) combined
with low-carbon power sources offer the potential for diminishing ozone
depleting substance emanations and introduction to tailpipe outflows from
individual transportation. In thinking about these advantages, it is critical
to address worries of issue moving. Likewise, while numerous investigations
have concentrated on the utilization stage in contrasting transportation
choices, vehicle creation is additionally critical when looking at customary
and EVs. We create and give a straightforward life cycle stock of traditional
and electric vehicles and apply our stock to evaluate customary and EVs over a
scope of effect classes. We find that EVs controlled by the present European
power blend offer a 10% to 24% diminishing in a dangerous atmospheric deviation
potential (GWP) in respect to customary diesel or fuel vehicles accepting
lifetimes of 150,000 km. Be that as it may, EVs show the potential for huge
increments in human poisonous quality, freshwater eco-harmfulness, freshwater eutrophication,
and metal consumption impacts, generally radiating from the vehicle store
network. Results are touchy to presumptions with respect to power source,
utilize stage vitality utilization, vehicle lifetime, and battery substitution
plans. Since generation impacts are huger for EVs than customary vehicles,
expecting a vehicle lifetime of 200,000 km misrepresents the GWP advantages of
EVs to 27% to 29% with respect to fuel vehicles or 17% to 20% in respect to
diesel. A presumption of 100,000 km diminishes the advantage of EVs to 9% to
14% concerning fuel vehicles and results in impacts undefined from those of a
diesel vehicle. Enhancing the natural profile of EVs requires engagement around
decreasing vehicle generation production network impacts and advancing clean
power sources in basic leadership in regards to power foundation.

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Nykvist,B. Nilsson,M.(2015, March 23) Rapidly falling costs of battery packs for
electric vehicles. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/articles/nclimate2564

To properly evaluate the
prospects for commercially competitive battery electric vehicles (BEV) one must
have accurate information on current and predicted cost of battery packs. The literature
reveals that costs are coming down, but with large uncertainties on past,
current and future costs of the dominating Li-ion technology. This paper
exhibits a unique precise audit, dissecting more than 80 distinct evaluations
announced 2007– 2014 to deliberately follow the expenses of Li-particle battery
packs for BEV makers. We demonstrate that vast cost gauges declined by roughly
14% yearly in the vicinity of 2007 and 2014, from above US$1,000 per kWh to
around US$410 per kWh, and that the cost of battery packs utilized by advertise
driving BEV producers are even lower, at US$300 per kWh, and has declined by 8%
every year. Learning rate, the cost diminishment following a total multiplying
of creation, is observed to be in the vicinity of 6 and 9%, in accordance with
prior investigations on vehicle battery technology2. We uncover that the
expenses of Li-particle battery packs proceed to decrease and that the expenses
among advertise pioneers are much lower than already detailed. This has huge
ramifications for the presumptions utilized when displaying future vitality and
transport frameworks and grants a hopeful standpoint for BEVs adding to
low-carbon transport.

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