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SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN CHITTAGONG.

BACKGROUND

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Solid waste management becomes a great problem in recent time. Rapidly
growing population is liable for producing large amount of solid wastes. To
develop an efficient SWM

system the existing scenario of solid waste of a city should be known
which is

enable to find out the exact problems happening regarding disorder of
solid waste within the city. Chittagong city was known as the “cleanest city”
of Bangladesh due to its neatness and an overwhelming presence of green trees
and hilly areas. But now recently due to the presence of piles of refuses
dotting and improper waste management, the clean lines of the city has been
facing an  acute decay.

 

OBJECTIVE

Solid
waste management has become a major concern for the cities and towns of
Bangladesh. Chittagong is the second largest city in Bangladesh. As a
metropolitan city different types of   SW
are produced daily by the people. Low collection coverage, scarce transport
services, recycling and disposal and lack of suitable treatment, facilities are
responsible for unsatisfactory waste management, leading to air, water and land
pollution. Which putting people and the environment at risk. In such a
circumstance this study has intended to unfold the institutional dimensions of
solid waste management including the types & amount of wastes produced in
this city and to identify swm problems. A field survey had been conducted to
identify the recent scenario of swm system in Chittagong city area. It helped
to identify the problems regarding solid waste management system which helped
in this study to give some solicitation to improve the solid waste management
system of Chittagong.

 

 

 

SIGNIFICANCE

The current
society is much more aware of the environment. There are an increasing number
of environmental adjustment which is very often challenging for the the management of SW . This makes the recycling as means of
reducing waste  to the
landfill to be very significant in the SWM sector.

 

METHODOLOGY

Primary
and secondary data have been used in this methodology. Primary data have been
collected from depth interview and personal .Data have been collected from
different respondent groups like city corporation employees, housewives,
garbage collector. Their opinion has been collected to get an acumen into
existing waste management system. Their suggestion has been considered in the
study. Secondary data have been collected through pursuing different reports of
City Corporation, web materials, various articles, journals, news and books.

It
has been found that total 122 tons of SW of different types are being generated
daily. Of the total quantity 45-55 percent is collected but the rest is left.
It is broadly estimated that between 10 to 15 percent of the total municipal
budget is used for SWM. The wastes which remains uncollected and dumped in open
area, street or drains, clogging the drainage system that creates grave
environmental decay and health risks. The collected waste is presently being disposed
of mainly in a low-lying area. Little amount of waste is being reclaimed or
salvaged for recycling according to its market value. Finally, this paper
suggests a safe and sustainable dumping site for environmental protection to
keep the city nice and healthy.

OUTCOME

The
CCC collects 1357-ton waste daily. Collection efficiency is 70 percent of the
generated waste Management scenario in Chittagong Management method. Now I am
going to present a short area solid waste management description. Daily municipal
solid waste recycling scenario by waste pickers at Anandobazar and Arefin Nogor
dumping site in 2014. Total daily Anandobaza  to Arefin Nogor  collections…..

Paper
1.575 ton, Plastic 0.550 ton, Aluminum 0.027 ton, Steel 0.556 ton, Glass 2.050-ton
Total 4.758 ton. Which means Solid waste management system is working perfectly.

CONCLUSION

At
the end I just want to add that, Bangladesh is getting populated day by day.
More population, more waste, more pollution , more environment disadvantage. So
we have to cover the whole nation. Because environment is getting weak day by
day. we need to manage take action against it and walk towards to a clean
Bangladesh and a healthy Bangladesh. Thank you.

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