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            Between the three authors, Aninsi
and Stroebe would most likely disagree the most. Stroebe argues that there
needs to be a culture change in America’s attitude towards guns (as implied by
the title of his paper) because he thinks that for this reason that we cannot
have a conversation on how to fix this problem with increased gun control or
much less even get any gun legislation done in the United States. He also
believes that organizations like the NRA should not have as much influence as
they do in American politics. Aninsi says that our culture should stay the way
it is for the second amendment is what guarantees us individual and collective
freedom and that it was put in place for a reason. This reason is protection
from anarchy and tyranny. He believes that if we stray away from the second
amendment and the culture that surrounds it then this would strip us from the
very foundations of our individual and collective freedoms. Based on the sources
that I read it would appear that my culture hypothesis was wrong.

            Two pieces of literature I read for
my culture hypothesis are pro-gun and they both argue or at least imply that
gun culture is not directly linked to gun violence in the United States. Lemieux,
although not one of them did find contradicting evidence in his study. Even though
they seem to be on the same side, while Aninsi tries to look at the root of what
creates our gun culture and why America should not mess with it in the first
place, Halbrook debunks the culture argument entirely with Switzerland as an
example. Halbrook brings up every argument brought up in the United States,
explains how those same arguments apply to Switzerland, and explains why it is
wrong. For example, main points made by anti-gun lobbyists is that 2if
there are more guns then there are more homicides, banning them will save
lives, and that if everyone is armed then that would be counterintuitive and
more people would end up getting shot that way. Halbrook’s counterargument to
those kinds of arguments would be that Switzerland’s largest city of Zurich
celebrates guns by holding two large gun themed holidays and despite this it is
3held
as the best city in the world as well as one of the safest. One counterargument
he would make specifically addressing the “we do not need more of our citizens
to be armed” is that a large number of citizens in Switzerland are armed and
once again it still is one of the safest cities in the world. Switzerland is
ranked third in civilian gun ownership with about 3.4 million firearms for
their population of about 8 million.4

Connections, Contrasts, and Synthesis

            At the end of this study, Lemieux
came away with this; The United States unsurprisingly had more than double the
mass shootings then the 24 other countries combined during the thirty-year
period between 1983 and 2013. There was a correlation found between countries
that spent lots of GDP on their military and gun movies and gun ownership rate.
This would of course suggest that culture does at the very least influence the
ownership of guns although not necessarily gun violence. According to table 3
of Lemieux’s study, it showed that the southern region of the United States has
the highest concealed gun license rate of any other region as well as highest
rates of murder than the other regions.1 This
is likely due to their southern culture. Although there seems to be a
correlation between gun culture and gun violence in the United States’ south
there did not appear to be a pattern of this at an international level. Overall,
Lemieux found that there is a slight correlation between gun culture and the
prediction of firearm rates and regarding The United States and the south, but
none at an international level. And found no correlation between gun culture
and mass shootings whatsoever. Overall, Lemieux directly proved my hypothesis
wrong.

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